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Another Genesis 1: with commentary

Posted in: by admin on August 25, 2009

Genesis, Paraphrased & with Commentary

Genesis Chapter One

Genesis 1:1  In the beginning, God himself created the heavens and the earth.

Clearly, and profoundly, this first scripture says there was a beginning.  Without it was nothing.  Time did not exist.  Space did not exist.  There were no dimensions or boundaries, nor even the lack of such.  Existence, or nonexistence, was not an issue or a question, until the Creator chose to have a beginning, to make it so.  We cannot even correctly say “until then”, unless we believe what this scripture requires: a pre-existent, or self-existent, God.  For before the beginning, there was none of the stuff that gives definition and purpose to our universe.  No matter, no energy, no electrical charge, no magnetic force, no gravity, no atomic forces or photons, nor any rules or laws to govern all these things.  Few scientists can disagree with this.
Yet, in the beginning, all those things that now exist, ourselves and our universe, had to be created.  This requires, I believe and this scripture tells us, even pure potentiality (which scientists generally now call a “singularity”) must have a cause for becoming actuality.
In the beginning God created, “created from out of nothing”, says the Hebrew verb.  This was written down thousands of years before anyone knew there was such a thing as a beginning, before anyone could prove that it started from nothing but promise (singularity), before anyone could calculate that it happened in an instant, before anyone conceived there was an event which some now call the Big Bang.

Genesis 1:2  The earth, though still dark and desolate and unfit for life, was covered by a sea, awash in the waters that life would require, and God turned His attention to it.  His Spirit, His creative thoughts focused upon them.

Ten billion years, perhaps, passed before this second chapter of our creation story began.  The Scripture doesn’t say, but a lot of modern science does so attest.  The universe expanded and cooled and formed into a trillion galaxies, each with billions of suns and uncountable planets.  The earth had formed, and the elements from which life would be assembled were ready, forged in the cauldrons of countless stars and galaxies before it.  While other stars and other suns, and perhaps even ours, burned brightly throughout the vast reaches, as yet none of the light which life here would require had reached its surface.

Genesis 1:3  God commanded, “Let the light of life come.” and there was light.

Whether our sun now ignited its nuclear fires, or the heavens around our earth just cleared enough to let through its rays, God’s will was done.

Genesis 1:4  God examined the light and was satisfied that it was exactly right.  And God brought the light out from the darkness to serve His unfolding purposes.

When the light was right, God inspected it, himself, and was satisfied that the stage was set, everything was on track, and His work could continue.

Genesis 1:5a  God would call the light “Day”.  The darkness He called “Night”.

In the ancient Hebrew world a name revealed purpose and meaning, history and future.  Naming something reflects “knowing” it in the deepest sense, and identifying its reason for being.  Naming the lighted side of earth, “day”, and the dark side “night”, God is declaring them as something with purposes in and of themselves.

Genesis 1:5b  And the first great work, the first design of creation, which God had willed be done, was assured and certain to be done, according to His will.

The Creator who was the source of both the potentiality and design within the singularity, and Who caused it to burst forth, in the beginning, designed His first stage of our creation, and He was satisfied with it, seeing it manifesting perfectly.  It may not have been done, but He sees the end from the beginning, and knew it was fully going exactly what He purposed.

Genesis 1:6  And God commanded, “Let there come to be a firmament, a sky in the midst of these waters that cover the planet.  Let it divide and separate the waters into portions.

A sky was formed, with clouds above the seas.  Earth’s atmosphere, its water blue color, and its canopy of clouds, is unique as far as we can see.  Every other planetary body and moon we can see, today, now lack that firmament, and that cloud cover, and those liquid waters on the surface.

Genesis 1:7  So God designed a firmament to divide and apportion waters both above and below.  And it came to be, just so.

Genesis 1:8a  And God would call the firmament “sky” (or perhaps, “the heavens”)

This “firmament”, with waters above and waters below (and circulating between) are far more than mere cosmetics.  Earth’s atmosphere has long sheltered and shaped our planet, helping make it among the most habitable places we can imagine.  The engines of our climate are formed and driven by those elements, the sun, the sky, the water above, and the water below, which have now been accounted for.  Those elements, especially “the waters above” which form the cloud cover and rainfall cycles, distribute essential energy and chemistry around the globe, creating the substance of which living things are made, and the environmental niches in which they live while they also protect the planet surface from too much radiation and heat and debris from outside.
There is something, here, which we all might pause to consider.  We started with a Big Bang and the creation of a great universe, something few people, if anyone, could have suspected existed or happened, at the time this account was written down.  We next see the arrival of light, not as something that existed all the time, but that came eventually.  This is not something any other “creation myth” or religion or science got right.  Then we are told, not of the arrival of gods or men, but of the creation of the next prerequisite a planet that would harbor life, the basic elements of our climate, the meteorological and hydrological cycles.  Each of these things reflect a knowledge or wisdom that we, ourselves, have only recently acquired.  Read the science texts of a century or two ago.
As the verse concludes, as quoted below, God looks closely at these things.  He inspects as an engineer or builder inspects the ongoing construction of a building he’s designed, to see if it is indeed following His design and going in the direction He has planned, and will serve the intentions He has for it.  And He is pleased: “it is all that He has planned, it is going exactly as required.”

Genesis 1:8b  And the second great work, the second design of creation, which God had willed be done, was assured and certain to be done, according to His will.

Genesis 1:9  And God said, “Now wait and watch closely, look for these shallow waters covering the earth beneath the heavens to gather into one place and see how dry land  appears.”  And it came to pass in just that way.

The language of the Hebrew is very interesting, here.  It stresses that we (or someone) must patiently watch for something to happen that is not going to just happen “all of a sudden”.  And it tells us very clearly what it is that is going to happen.  The shallow sea that now covers the globe is going to begin to retreat, it is going to be displaced by the rising of a landmass.  A continent is going to rise up from the seabed.
Now you may not realize it, but this brief scenario has some very surprising details, especially for something written some 3500 years ago!  Even then, they were aware of more than one land mass.  And only recently have scientists come to believe that there was originally but a single continent arisen out of the waters.  And its barely forty years since science has accepted the theory of plate tectonics, which not only gives support to the theory of the single ancient continent, but explains how and why it would eventually break up into parts that would drift apart into the land masses that we have today.
It tells us that whole process will be very slow, not fast, not in a day, not as one might expect if this were just a “creation myth” invented to impress the crowds with the power and might of a god.  This is a detail that both reflects both scientific theories and evidence.
We are also told that the water shall continue to remain a single contiguous sea, while that continent, that one landmass, appears.  The shallow sea that first covered all the earth will slowly gather into one place, forming an ocean – as it does today.  Except for the lakes and rivers formed more recently by the hydrological cycle of our climate, all our oceans are still only one sea.  That, too, flew in the face of all sensible knowledge and science, even beyond the days that Columbus sailed toward America!

Genesis 1:10  And God would call the dry land “earth”.  The gathered waters He would call the “sea”.  He examined them closely, and was satisfied with them, they were exactly what He wanted.

Genesis 1:11  And God said, “Let the earth now turn green with plant life; first the simple plants, algae and mosses, lichen and ferns; then the more complex plants, herbs and grasses and other plants that produce and scatter seed; then the trees and vines and plants that each produce fruits, fruits that each carry within themselves the seed of its own kind.  And it came to be, just that way.

Life began on the land with simple plants.  Simple, single-cell plants, but ever so complex.  They were all that life had to be!  Algae first, then mosses, then ferns, each in their time spread across the land as the plan of creation unfolded.  The dry land was turning green.
Next came the higher plants, plants that began the extraordinarily powerful reproductive mechanism of seed.  These were grasses and herbs, and in time came conifers, and finally flowers.  Last to come were the fruit-producing plants which nurtured their seed, fruiting trees and bushes and vines, each appearing according to the plans and purposes of the Creator.

Genesis 1:12  And the earth developed its plant life in just that order: first the simpler algae and mosses and ferns; then the higher kinds that reproduced and maintained their own kinds by seeds; then the woody plants, trees and shrubs and vines, that bore fruit whose seed was carried within it, which seed also perpetuated and maintained their kinds.  God watched this closely and was satisfied it was going exactly as it should.

The order of life and how it appeared upon this earth, outlined in these verses, matches perfectly the outline of the origins of life that science has uncovered.
The plants appearing first were single cells.  These are not simple, but gloriously complex living systems, and they were soon turning the marshes and soils green.  Pond scums were immense colonies of algae, building an organic base for all kinds of life in the future.  In time, there were mosses and ferns and many others filling the earth, needing less water and reaching further and further across the land.  Eons of time passed, perhaps, before the more complex forms of seed-bearing plants were created.  Hardy, capable of great adaptation and needing even less water, they moved into new niches, and themselves providing even more new niches, especially suited for the animal life concurrently being created.  Last in time, and in the order of the plants appearances on earth, came the fruit-bearing plants.  Even more perfectly designed and adapted to pioneering more of the landscape, they also provided marvelous food sources for the coming animal life, even ourselves.
Within seeds lay the greater creative, yet conserving, power of sexual reproduction and genetic programming.  Recombinant DNA gave the ultimate in flexibility and adaptability to each kind of seed-bearing plant.  Were the kinds, which the scriptures describe, species? Not likely.  Perhaps they are genera, but more likely they are families (in modern taxonomy, these are similar or related collections of genera, which are themselves collectivities of species), for the conservative proscription “after their kind” is only spoken of at higher taxa of the creation.

Genesis 1:13  And the third great work, the third design of creation, which God had willed be done, was assured and certain to be done, according to His will.

Genesis 1:14  And God ordained, “Let the lights of the universe appear in the earth’s sky, to distinguish and make special the nighttime, as opposed to the daytime.  Let them come to be used as signs and beacons, telling of miracles and coming holidays, and be seen for omens of solemn or significant events, and as markers for the passage of time and the ages.”

Throughout the vast reaches of the universe are the pinpricks of light coming from our neighboring planets and suns, and from other galaxies near and far.  Some still obscured, some still just coming into clear view, we are told that they are not randomly scattered lights in our sky.  Even scattered without pattern they could be a delight and a wonder, but the Creator intended them to make patterns and appear at special moments so that they might capture our attention, when once we dwell here, to evoke our imaginations and memories and speculations.  Every day has enough work and blessings and things of interest for our appreciation.  Now the night shall have its own special attractions, and contribute significantly to our lives.  All the universe has been so designed (Not all that much unlike what we do for our own children in their nurseries!).

Genesis 1:15  “Let there appear a bright and cheerful host of lights, a chandelier hung in the night sky, to be seen throughout all the earth, bringing both joy and wisdom.  And it came to pass, just that way.

Genesis 1:16  God designed the two great luminaries, the moon and the sun – the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night – as He also made the stars.

Genesis 1:17  And God set them in the heavens above to light up the earth.

Genesis 1:18  To create and establish the daytime as against the shadow of night, and to make clear the difference between His Light and true darkness.  And God contemplated this, and was satisfied it was perfect for His purpose.

Genesis 1:19  And the fourth great work, the fourth design of creation, which God had willed be done, was assured and certain to be done, according to His will.

Genesis 1:20  And God said, “Let the shallow and marshy waters, swarm with life.  Let them be filled with creatures, tiny and small but large with vitality and activity.  Let the waters become a joyful community, a multitude of living willful creatures.  And let there be creatures with wings, that might fly away through the open sky and across the land.

God said, “Let the ponds and marshes and lakes, across the land and along the coasts, be filled, teeming with life – lively, vital creatures, animate and filled with appetites and willful behaviors.”  The language, as is usually the case, encompasses a large class of animate life.  It could be single-cell, small multi-cellular, and even more complex creatures.  The brief description encompassed in the language of but one verse is not altogether clear.  But it does spell out several limitations on are included.  First, they are small.  These are the lower taxonomic orders, the bacteria, amoeba, protozoa, and such, on up to the insects.  But they all share in the attributes of animal life which plants do not:  they have free wills and appetites, and they have the ability to chase after life and inhabit every corner of this earth.  Motion, purpose, that idea of swarming, teeming, a horde of busy beasties, brings to the mind’s eye what we always see looking at a fertile pond in the summertime, or even a microscope view of any drop of fresh pond or ocean water.
The second part of the verse, that traditional interpretations have missed, “let there be insects that can leave the waters, and having wings, take to the air and fly, spreading out and across the land” is one of the most important of the creation account’s scientific particulars.  Even without our modern scientific perspective and beliefs about the time and place that insects began (and, most certainly, birds too) the language here, and the language that follows in the next verse, makes it very clear we are dealing with insects, not birds.  This correction, and placement of insects here in the scheme and order of creation, reveals a whole passel of details an ancient could not have known, and that science has only recently learned.
The Hebrew language says “Let, or have, the waters be filled with, teem with, or swarm with little creatures”, but it does not say that the water itself should create or produce that life.  The difference is crucial.  It is almost the difference between what the Bible claims, and most Evolutionists, not to mention a few modern minimalist theologians.
And something else needs be noted, here.  None of this life, these “lower” taxa of animals, are attributed with the quality of surviving, existing, or reproducing themselves as “a kind” or “after their kind”.  That, which I have discussed elsewhere, appears to say they are not designed with a particularly conservative or constraining genetic code.  These are creatures that can multiply their species and genera and so forth, freely.  They can, it seems, climb, descend, or create whole new taxa; they might even be free to “evolve”, whatever that means.  Albert Einstein once said “God does not play dice with the universe”, but it might be that He does allow a certain freedom or chance to play in His universe.  If that is so, then He is telling where, here.

Genesis 1:21  God himself created the great and fearsome dinosaurs, every one of their many kinds; living, breathing families of animals that crept, or glided, or walked about on four limbs, coming forth in great abundance in the marshy watery landscape; even the many kinds that flew with feathered wings.  He studied them each, and was fully satisfied with them.

This is an extraordinary verse.  Seriously mistranslated in the past, it has obscured and misrepresented the facts of the creation account.  Carefully interpreted, it reveals remarkable details.
To begin with, the Hebrew text uses a rare verb for “create”.  Its only used three times in all the creation account: in verse 1, where the entire universe is created “ex nihilo”, from nothing, from that un-existing singularity, from that non-dimensional potential that in an instant became everything; here, with the creation of the first animal kinds that would have a long-time dominion over all the land; and again in a future verse, where mankind is created.  That is certainly something worth taking note of.  In order that you can, I’ve used “God himself created” each time that bara is used in the Hebrew.
That these creatures are the dinosaurs is barely questionable.  The creatures, themselves, are designated by a word that variously stands for dragons, land monsters, and sea monsters.  They are further described by a word that encompasses such ideas as fearsome, insolent, loud, intense, mighty, noble, haughty, and proud.
I, myself, had a hard time arriving at the right translation for the remainder of the verse because of my own preconceptions.  Finally, however, I recognized that the verse goes on to say that there were many kinds (species and/or genera and/or families), which are largely characterized by the many types of movement and locomotion which they possessed.  I was OK with that, but unprepared to accept the next: the “even the many kinds (dinosaurs?) that flew with feathered wings”.  It is plain that we are talking about birds, here, and that they are expressly declared to be a kind of His own personal creation.  That, as I noted about the previous verse, is an important apposition to the (much) earlier insects.  But more importantly, in this verse we have an acknowledgement of one of the more scientifically significant issues – namely, that indeed birds are contemporaneous with, or shortly following after, the dinosaurs.  And more important yet, it could well be that this verse indicates that birds are genetically (as within the kind) related to dinosaurs!
Science has long struggled with the “transition” from dinosaur to bird.  Evolutionists have insisted that dinosaurs “evolved” into birds, however improbable that would seem, and paleontologists have continually searched for fossils to document it.  This issue has become so important to Evolutionists’ theology that several paleontologists have tried (usually with at least temporary success) to forge fossils appropriate for a “missing link”.
This dinosaur-to-birds thesis has been quite a leap even for many evolutionists.  But as the fossil record has burgeoned with new species, and we’ve learned that all dinosaurs were not great and huge specimens  (they more and more flourished in the later part of their era), more fossils have turned up that look to support the evolutionary hypothesis.  But what hasn’t worked for them has been the dating.  Whatever fossils have fit into the transitional morphological scheme required have not fit very well into the time line required.  The birdlike creatures have consistently been too early, or too contemporaneous, to ever quite work as good “transitions”, or “missing links”.
At any rate, whatever the paleontologists eventually come up with, I doubt it will overturn or contradict this verse.  It is not in apposition to a “dino to bird” theory.  It does not conform to Evolutionist theology, as it expressly says that God himself created birds, but it actually does tell us we should expect to find that birds appeared within the dinosaur era, or closely following it, and it actually does strongly infer that birds are a type of dinosaur.  That is one dynamite piece of information!  What many scientists, themselves, once thought absurd has now become the more accepted theory.  But what those scientists now tend to think wholly contradicts Creationist theory, actually is supported by a better translation of the scriptures.  The Bible is not disproved, but instead shown to be 3500 years ahead of science.

Genesis 1:22  God was blessed by them and deemed that they should be very fruitful, multiplying greatly in numbers and types, and consecrated to them that era when the earth was covered in marshy lands and shallow seas; and deemed that birds should multiply and become very numerous, and continue in the earth.

This is another remarkable verse.  Now that we understand we are dealing with dinosaurs and birds, we can better appreciate the nuances of the particular language used in the Hebrew, and realize that this verse is no mere throwaway.  I find it very interesting that we are told that God loved these creatures and wanted them to proliferate and prosper, even for a long season.  That would be remarkable enough, by itself, but even more so, I think, is its declaration that the birds would also proliferate and prosper, and that they “would continue” in the earth.  With the advantage of our modern paleontological hindsight, it seems verse 22 clearly says that the dinosaur era would eventually end, but the birds would not, they would continue on into our times.
This is a piece of earth’s prehistory that should have been unknowable, even unimaginable, to the scribe who originally wrote this down some 3500 years ago.  But look.  Look at all the details it includes.  It doesn’t just mention the dinosaurs, but gives indications about such things as their incredible number of kinds and species, that they were so prolific that they dominated the fauna (so much so that we call it the “age of dinosaurs”), that the age of the dinosaurs was a very wet period, and that there were also winged, feathered creatures in that era that may well have actually been dinosaurs!
That information, alone, should cause any open-minded reader to take notice, and consider the scriptures with some respect.  What it says about the birds – that they were contemporaries of the dinosaur era, that they might even be versions of dinosaurs – is even more remarkable, I think.  That addresses two of the most recent scientific theories.  And whichever the birds are, merely contemporaries or actually versions of dinosaurs, the fact that the Bible starts with that, and essentially foretells the end of the dinosaur era, but the continuance of the birds – well, if you’re not impressed you’re just too close-minded.

Genesis 1:23  And the fifth great work, the fifth design of creation, which God had willed be done, was assured and certain to be done, according to His will.

Genesis 1:24  And God declared, “I need now that the land be filled with higher kinds of animals, with grazing beasts and with predators and all the higher kinds, all the animals of the land.  And it came to be in just that way.

As the land became drier, and the dinosaurs’ time ended, this verse tells us that the next set of creation had a real future-looking purpose to it.  While not necessarily limited to, I believe these are the mammals which are now being established.  They are mostly dry land creatures, mostly four-footed grazers that eat plants, and the usually swifter, more vital, predators.

Genesis 1:25  And God designed the animals of the land, the higher species and genera, every one of the beasts, both domesticable and wild, and each and every kind of the swifter beasts of prey.  And God studied this and was fully satisfied it was appropriate and good.

There is an emphasis, here, that each and every one of these higher kinds of animals were fashioned and designed by the Creator, and constrained (yet endowed with the great adaptability of sexual/recombinant reproduction) genetically.  There is also, in the Hebrew here, a very real connotation of some greater purpose.  It suggests, at least, that both the “beasts of the field”, the grazers and browsers, and the swifter predators, were integrated parts of the plan, fashioned and designed by His own hand.  It is important scientifically, and it is important theologically, that the whole ecology – including the predators – was His creation.
Some would deny that death of any sort existed before the fall of Adam and Eve.  That cannot be, for many reasons explored elsewhere, in any kind of living system.  Anything that is “animal” – by design – cannot produce its own food as do the plants, and must eat either plants or animals.  Anything eaten must necessarily die.  So it is significant that both verses 24 and 25 appear to make the point that there are two types of beasts created here, and one I believe is predators.  Part of the distinction amongst the types is made by reference, in the Hebrew, to the style or swiftness of the animals’ locomotion, which distinction is even stressed more in the next verse.

Genesis 1:26  And God said, “Let us fashion mankind in our image and semblance, and to be like us in manner.  And cause them to have dominion over the fish of the sea, over all the creatures that fly in the air, over every one of the grazing beasts throughout the earth, and over all the predators and their prey, fast and slow, everywhere in the earth.

This verse is about the purpose, the plan, the design and intent, for a new kind, this mankind of creatures which God wants to make.  The mankind are not created here, but designed and fashioned, and their role and position in the earth’s ecology, and their inner nature and behavior and purpose, are proposed.  And the Creator, Himself, is the reference.  This mankind is but one step below the Creator Himself, and is to have an innate drive to “be like Him” as part of the design.

Genesis 1:27  So God himself created this mankind in His own likeness.  In His very own image and likeness, God himself created both the males and the females.  God himself created them.

The translation I’ve offered here, “God himself created”, is a rendering of the Hebrew word bara, as I noted above, in reference to verse 21.  The accepted definition of bara, I remind you, is absolute creation by God’s own action.
Bara is, as already noted, used very sparingly in the creation account.  But here, in verse 27, it is used not just once but three times.  Surely, we must wonder what is going on.
Well, the subject is mankind.  In scientific terminology, it is the hominids that are being created.  They were not created, but only “designed” in verse 26.  There, the Hebrew word which has usually been translated as “make” or “create”, is better translated as “fashion” or “design”, or even as “commission”.  We can see, therefore, that verse 26 only informs us about what will be the most significant features of this new kind.  It says, “Let us fashion (or design) this human kind in our own image, in semblance to our own form and appearance, and with a desire to be like us.” (Compare how the Apostle Paul says men and women “who are back on track” – my phraseology – and once again living as the Creator desires and purposed, who have been “born again”, are to be “imitators of Christ”, desiring to be like the Creator.)
Verse 26 also tells us that God intends to firmly and precisely position this new kind into the existing order of life, into the ecosystem that He has already assembled.  He intends they be at the top of the system.  They are to be the alpha kind, the lords of all they survey.  They are to have dominion over all other creatures – or at least over all the greater kinds, all the higher taxa.  That much is spelled out and explicit.  Regarding the lower taxa of animals and plants, such as the first-created algae, and bacteria, and insects, etc., this verse is not clear or explicit.
It is in verse 27 that the actual creation of this new human kind is recorded.  But note how detailed, how insistent it is.  Three times it says bara-created.  Is it merely being repetitive?  Definitely not.  It is spelling out some details we should assume the Author really wants us to know.
First, it says God himself created the whole mankind.  That kind is, as I’ve already noted, probably equal to what scientists call “hominids”, the taxon that includes all the known races, and the many recognized fossil and archaeological species such as Neanderthals, Cro-Magnons, etc.
Second, it says that God himself created the males of that kind.
Third, it says that God himself created the females of that kind.  Now, this is the only time the creation account mentions both sexes, let alone bara-creates them.  Although all the higher taxa of plants and animals have males and females, and utilize sexual reproduction, and are often socially organized along sexual lines, they are never mentioned or singled out. It would seem obvious that a significant point is being made.  My take is that we are being pointedly told that both sexes were created at the same time, as part and parcel of a complete and biologically viable population, the hominid kind.  God did not just create males, or a male, as many interpreters seem to think.  He created, here, the whole kind, males and females concurrently and equally.
If this be true – and I think it is difficult to see it any other way, given the original language – it dramatically contradicts a number traditional ideas and interpretations.  It certainly went against the grain of most contemporary (ca 2500 B.C.) societal norms and beliefs.  It also goes against the traditional interpretation we still generally use today, of Genesis 2:21 and 22, where Eve makes her appearance.  As we will see, it also leads to some very reasonable answers to a number of other questions – mysteries if you will – about early mankind in the Bible.  Finally, it also reveals and sustains much greater consistency between the biblical creation account and modern scientific knowledge.
As we all know, biology, genetics, ecology, archeology, and paleontology have all raised serious challenges to the Biblical creation record, especially with regard to human history and origins.  With the interpretations offered here, those contradictions disappear.  The creation account of Genesis looks much like today’s textbooks, though it was written a long time ago.

Genesis 1:28  And God was blessed by them.  And thus God declared that they should be fruitful, multiplying greatly in numbers and types and fill all the earth, bringing into their service, and having dominion over, the fish of the sea, the birds of the air, and every living animal that moves upon the face of the earth.

Genesis 1:29  And God said, “Behold.  I have created all of these for just this: every plant bearing seed upon the face of the earth, and every tree in which the fruit of the tree carries the seed of itself, that these can become food.

The language is clear, and overall intent is clear, but there is an intriguing detail worth further research.  The fruit of a tree that carries the seed of that same tree is food.  But are there trees (or bushes or vines) which bear “fruit” or fruit-like things that are not truly seed-bearing or seed-nourishing fruit, should they not be eaten?  Are they not healthy food?  Is there a warning, or detail, that would remove some, say, “false” fruits or berries from our diet?

Genesis 1:30  And for every animal on the earth, every creature that flies in the air, and all the grazing beasts that walk upon the earth, which I have given life, all green plants shall be food.  And it came to be that way.

A couple of details in this verse should be noted.  It begins with “every animal upon the earth”.  But then it specifies, and narrows down that “every” into just some of the animals He is speaking of.
First, it designates “every creature that flies in the air”.  This is not the language previously used to denote birds, but the language I’ve previously concluded denoted insects.  So, it may be addressing insects, or birds, or both insects and birds.
Second, it indicates that category of land based (usually quadruped) animals I earlier interpreted as the “grazing beasts that walk”, or prey animals, as opposed to predators.  The language I interpreted as referring to predators is not included here.  That certainly supports my earlier interpretation.

Genesis 1:31  And God observed all that He had accomplished and beheld that it was coming about exceedingly well.  The sixth great work, the sixth design of creation, which God had willed be done, was assured and certain to be done, according to His will.

This version was composed in 2005

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